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Media Literacy Guide: Science

Determining what is fake news is necessary and can be difficult. This research guide's purpose is to explain steps for finding the facts, how to use one's judgment and give examples for clarification.

What is this page for?

Where to find the best science news

Scientists are continually making new discoveries, developing new technology and medical breakthroughs.  Knowing where to find the best science news can be aided by the image below from the American Council on Science and Health. Evidence Based reports provide the research supporting theses.

Sources for Controversial Science

Abortion - what are the issues involved and an overview of United States history from Credo Reference (requires a SVC logon and password)

101 Top Web Resources on Climate Change from

GMOs (Genetically modified organisms) - definition from Credo Online Reference

HIV Overview from the National Library of Medicine

Transgender and Transsexualtiy from Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures from Credo Reference. (Reading this article requires SVC logon and password).

Vaccine from Wikipedia (this is an article that cannot be edited)

Vaccines and immunizations: What does your child need? from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control)


Science Sources for Medicne

Health is an area that requires dependable information - there are hoaxes, unproven cures, and misinformation.  Finding what is true requires investigation.  The following websites can help:

And there are websites that have found health hoaxes and unreliable medical information

  • Health Fraud Scams from the U.S. Drug & Food Admin. Health fraud scams refer to products that claim to prevent, treat or cure diseases or other health conditions, but are not proven safe and effective for those uses. Health fraud scams waste money and can lead to delays in getting proper diagnosis and treatment. They can also cause serious or fatal injuries.
  • Quackwatch is an international network of people who are concerned about health-related frauds, myths, fads, fallacies, and misconduct. Its primary focus is on quackery-related information that is difficult or impossible to get elsewhere.

Fact-checking Science

5 things to keep in mind when fact-checking claims about science By Alexios Mantzarlis, Nov. 2015

FactChecking Science Claims in 2017 from

SciCheck from - focuses exclusively on false and misleading scientific claims that are made by partisans to influence public policy.

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