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Student Research Guide; Tsunami Early Alert Systems: Top 10 Resources

by David Hanft

Top 10 Resources


John Farndon. Extreme Earthquakes and Tsunamis. Hungry Tomato ®, 2018. EBSCOhost,

 It gives a simple, short, but still professional impression into the big topic of tsunamis.

The first thing I wanted to do was read up on the subject of tsunamis and this source helped a lot with that.


Tsunami Warning and Preparedness; an Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation’s Preparedness Efforts.”  Reference & Research Book News, vol. 27, no. 6, Ringgold, Inc, 2012.

A detailed insight into the individual early warning systems and when they were created.

Shows the different approaches to respond and be prepared for tsunamis.

Just as with the source before, I used this one to gather initial information on the subject of tsunami early warning systems.


Satake, Kenji. Tsunamis Case Studies and Recent Developments . 1st ed. 2005., Springer Netherlands, 2005, doi:10.1007/1-4020-3331-1.

Tsunamis: Case Studies and Recent Developments. Vol. 23, Springer Netherlands,

Insights on early warning systems, how they work and whether they help.

Where, which early warning systems are used.

This source had also given a not too detailed, but rather superficial insight about my subject. After reading the report, I could then go into more detail.


American signal corporation finalizes deployment for statewide tsunami early warning system in tamil nadu, india: Mass notification network will serve as an early warning for 67.5 million citizens. (2017, Apr 17). U.S.Newswire

My takeaway from this article is that the early warning systems used by the U.S. seem to be working successfully, so other countries can be helped with these systems as well. I learn that different countries work together to detect tsunamis as early as possible. It provides some initial insights into my topic, where early warning systems exist and whether poorer countries have them as well, and therefore fit very well with my thesis.


 Van Veen, B. A. .., et al. “Tsunami Flood Modelling for Aceh & West Sumatra and Its Application for an Early Warning System.” 

Continental Shelf Research, vol. 79, Elsevier Ltd, 2014, pp. 46–53,

Introduction of a tsunami early warning system in Sumatra island in Indonesia and description of how early warning systems are set up and function in other regions. Explanation why an early warning system in this region has to react faster. Regionally related article about early warning systems, but also points out the differences in early warning systems to other regions.


Liu, Philip L. F., et al. “Tsunami Hazard and Early Warning System in South China Sea.

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, vol. 36, no. 1, Elsevier Ltd, 2009, pp. 2–12,

What I found exciting about the article is that it discusses why the 2004 tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean could have been prevented if the same early warning systems had been in place there as in the Pacific Ocean.


Ciment, J. (2013). Natural disasters, preparedness and response. In C. G. Bates, & J. Ciment (Eds.), Global social issues: An encyclopedia. Routledge. Credo Reference:

Where early warning systems can help and where they can’t.

Early warning systems are not the only thing that helps to minimize the damage caused by a Tsunami. Communication and preparation are just as important. That's the only article I found in my research that compares early warning systems with other safety measures to protect against tsunamis, and therefore I can also mention in my research guide


Macherera, Margaret, and Moses J. Chimbari. "A Review of Studies on Community Based Early Warning Systems." Jàmbá, vol. 8, no. 1, 2016, pp. 1-11. ProQuest,, doi:

Regional, global and national early warning systems. Definition of early warning systems

I have found a precise definition of an early warning system here, which I can well include in my, research guide, to define the term "early warning system", before I go into my thesis in more detail.


"Technology Today, Episode 515." , directed by Anonymous , produced by Evan Clark, and Switch International. , Switch International, 2005. Alexander Street,

This video introduces different technologies from today and among other things also Early Warning Systems, why it is useful for me.  Learning about early warning systems for the first time with a video helped me further sharpen my understanding.


White, J. (2017, April 19). Tsunami Warning Systems - American Signal Corporation. American Signal Corp. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from

The article is about a cooperation between the American company ASC and Chile on tsunami early warning systems. This article addresses my thesis most precisely, because it describes a cooperation between two countries and thus shows that global help is also provided in this field.


PRESS, ASSOCIATED. "Asian Governments Mull Early Warning System; Officials Believe Technology could have Saved Thousands." Telegraph - Herald, Dec 28, 2004. ProQuest,

The article was published shortly after the 2004 tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean, in which India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Maldives and especially Thailand were hit very hard, and many people died. The article describes that member from the UN and also some state presidents note that Early Warning systems in these regions would have saved many lives and that from now on such systems should be used there to detect tsunamis early and evacuate people. Similar to the book by Philip L.-F. Liu, it is shown here that the importance of early warning systems only really came up in 2004 and I could read about it again in this article.


Jin, Di, and Jian Lin. “Managing Tsunamis through Early Warning Systems: A Multidisciplinary Approach." Ocean & Coastal Management, vol. 54, no. 2, Elsevier Ltd, 2011, pp. 189–99,

Key factors that make an early warning system so effective.

Costs that are prevented when an early warning system warns in time.

The book had also given important information about early warning systems, which again improved my understanding.





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