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Student Research Guide: Peer Mediated Instruction and Intervention for Students with Disabilities: Top 10 Resources

By Haley Riffel

Top 10 Resources


The annotation should be a 2-3 sentence summary of the sources, with an explanation of why this source is authoritative and how it addresses your topic and specific research question or questions.

Works Cited

Bambara, Linda M., et al. “A Peer-Mediated Intervention to Improve the Conversational Skills of High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 27, Elsevier Ltd, 2016, pp. 29–43, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2016.03.003.

Article that gives an alternative setting within school where PMII can take place. This article also answers the question on what PMII seeks to accomplish and who benefits from it. Published within the journal of Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders which is one of the main groups of people that this intervention is geared toward.

Christensen , Bill, et al. Teaching Students With Severe Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Best Practices Guide to Intervention From Firewood and Oak Grove Schools. Edited by Steven Curtis et al., Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, State of Washington, Jan. 2005, (Links to an external site.).

            Contains action plans for implementing PMII in the educational system. It was found on a government website and was worked on by Seattle University, Clover Park, and Oak Grove. This source may be harder to read but it contains a lot more broad/general information than my other sources.

Dunn, Michelle E., et al. "A Systematic Review of Peer-Mediated Interventions on the Academic Achievement of Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders". Education & Treatment of Children, vol. 40, no. 4, 2017, pp. 497-524. Retrieved from

            This source is a small study focusing on the impact PMII has on academic performance. This study shows that this intervention has obvious statistical benefit, defines multiple types of PMII, and is a more reliable study due to its larger study size. Because it was well organized and had a larger scaled study showing an impact, I used this source.

Jimenez, Bree A., et al. "Inclusive Inquiry Science using Peer-Mediated Embedded Instruction for Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability." Exceptional Children, vol. 78, no. 3, 2012, pp. 301-317. ProQuest

            Data showing that PMII helps students increase responses related to material taught using this intervention. This source is unique in that it has data showing that peer mediators may also benefit when helping their peers and was socially accepted by both tutors and tutees. 

Magellan, "Autism Center Team up for Online Autism Treatment." Mental Health Weekly, vol. 23, no. 41, 2013, pp. 5-6.

            This source is about using online treatment options to help those with ASD and other disabilities. This particular article is especially unique since it is the only one I could find that talks about an online option for treatment. It is less focused on PMII but is useful when considering how practical and available it is. It gives you into a look of other options and their benefits.

Mahoney, Michael. “Peer-Mediated Instruction and Activity Schedules: Tools for Providing Academic Support for Students With ASD.” Teaching Exceptional Children, vol. 51, no. 5, SAGE Publications, May 2019, pp. 350–60, doi:10.1177/0040059919835816.

            This is an article about creating and implementing schedules for students with ASD to get PMII related intervention. It is helpful because you get insight on how this intervention actually takes place and is conducted.

McFadden, Brandon, et al. “Social Communication Effects of Peer-Mediated Recess Intervention for Children with Autism.” Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 8, no. 12, Elsevier Ltd, 2014, pp. 1699–712, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.08.015.

            An article about teaching social skills to children with Autism through peers encouraging particular responses. This article allows you to look at another benefit or goal that PMII seeks to help/accomplish. It is a small study that contains charts to help track and understand the progress of the students within the study.

Tan, Paulo, and Erna Alant. “Using Peer-Mediated Instruction to Support Communication Involving a Student with Autism during Mathematics Activities: A case Study.” Assistive Technology, Vol. 30, no. 1, Mar. 2018, pp. 9-15. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/10400435.2016.1223209

            This is an article that investigates a very specific example of the use of PMII in an education setting. This research follows one child who is in the intervention process. By looking at specific examples, we can get more in depth as to what it is the intervention does to help raise academic achievement.

Wu, Ya-ping, et al. “Effects of Peer-Mediated Instruction with AAC on Science Learning and Communitive Responses of Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities in Taiwan.” Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, vol. 45, no. 3, Sept. 2020, pp. 178–95. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/1540796919900955

            This is a small study looking at the performance of students with severe disabilities and their progress over time when assisted by peers and using PMII techniques. This is a unique study because it is a small one conducted in another country. I wanted to add at least one study that was not conducted in the United States. I found this source on Sage Journals and it was published in 2020. This is a good source because it allows you to look into how PMII is often paired with other technology that may help bridge speech or mobile gaps in the educational setting.

Zhang, M., Quan, Y., Huang, L., Kuo, Y. "The impact of learning styles on academic achievement.". International Journal of Intelligent Technologies & Applied Statistics, vol. 10, no. 3, 2017, pp. 173-185.

This study was conducted in China and looked into the effectiveness of different learning styles. They found that learning from peers is very helpful in teaching students’ material. This source is helpful because, like the one listed above it, it is conducted in another country. It is important to look at statistics of this intervention from all over the world to get more accurate results.


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