Peer learning is not something newly discovered. Many scholars have realized that we learn a great deal from others. Schools are able to use this information to construct methods of intervention that can teach or guide students through the use of peers as both helpers and influencers. Peer Mediated Instruction and Intervention, also known as PMII, is one example of the many intervention strategies used today. This particular intervention is often geared toward, but not limited to, students with disabilities, especially those with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. It is important to understand how intervention works as well as whether or not it is making any positive changes when used. My research in particular focuses on the use of this intervention within an educational setting.
Thesis: What is Peer Mediated Instruction and Intervention (PMII) and how effective is it when teaching disabled students?
Many people are aware that intervention and mediation tactics are used but how do they work and are they actually helping students?
The five questions that guided my research were:
Autism. (2021). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://academic-eb-com.ezproxy.library.skagit.edu/levels/collegiate/article/autism/11351
This source is a simple definition of one of the common disabilities that this intervention is geared toward. This definition helps my audience understand the concept by providing them some background information.
Camargo, Siglia, and Margot Boles. "Peer-Mediated Instruction and Intervention (PMII)." Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals, edited by Cecil R. Reynolds, et al., Wiley, 4th edition, 2013. Credo Reference, http://ezproxy.library.skagit.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/wileyse/peer_mediated_instruction_and_intervention_pmii/0?institutionId=5696. Accessed 14 Mar. 2021.
This article explains the process of PMII and how it can be useful in an educational setting. It helps give my audience further background to understand my topic. It is relevant and was posted in 2014 and was found on the Credo Reference Center page. It was published by John Wiley & Sons Inc.
National Center for Health Statistics. "Children Under Age 18 Receiving Special Education Or Early Intervention Services: 2017 And 2018 [By Sex, Age, And Race]." ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the U.S 2021 Online Edition. Ed. ProQuest, 2021. Web: ProQuest Statistical Abstract 03/21. https://statabs-proquest-com.ezproxy.library.skagit.edu/sa/docview.html?table-no=238&acc-no=C7095-1.3&year=2021&z=500C0A21E9691B7E56F9F2E96BD96DF3F507411F&rc=1&seq=0&accountid=1131&y=current&q=intervention
This article provides relevant statistical data regarding the use of special education and early intervention in the United States. Since PMII is mostly used within a school setting, this gives us a more accurate look into the population of people that this intervention is being geared toward. This source is also a government source and it is good to have a variety of views and data in your research.
This table was retrieved from:
National Center for Health Statistics. "Children Under Age 18 Receiving Special
Education Or Early Intervention Services: 2017 And 2018 [By Sex, Age, And Race]." ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the U.S 2021 Online Edition. Ed. ProQuest, 2021. Web: ProQuest Statistical Abstract 03/21. https://statabs-proquest-com.ezproxy.library.skagit.edu/sa/docview.html?table-no=238&acc-no=C7095-1.3&year=2021&z=500C0A21E9691B7E56F9F2E96BD96DF3F507411F&rc