Farrell, A., Owens, C. & McDevitt, J. New laws but few cases: understanding the challenges to the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking cases. Crime Law Social Change 61, 139–168 (2014). ProQuest, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10611-013-9442-1
I liked this source for my topic because Amy Farrell really goes into the laws and criminalization behind everything. There are obviously laws to combat human trafficking rates but what do we really know about their effectiveness? It is also very straight forward and it was easy for me to focus on.
Feingold, David A. “Human Trafficking.” Foreign Policy, no. 150, 2005, pp. 26–32. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30048506.
This source gives more examples of what happens in the industry, and more about other countries and their laws. It also touched on some ways the laws can make human trafficking worse. The thing I thought was really interesting was that making border laws tighter will make people who want to get into a new country turn to traffickers because there is no other way for them to get in. It also gave numbers of traffickers who were prosecuted which hadn’t been talked about in my other sources yet.
David Feingold, has a Ph.D in anthropology and makes very powerful films about trafficking. He is very well educated and passionate about his research of trafficking and interviews victims of trafficking and exploitation.
Koettl, J. (2009). "Human trafficking, modern day slavery, and economic exploitation," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 49802, The World Bank, ideas.repec.org/p/wbk/hdnspu/49802.html
This source is also very helpful, it was a little harder for me to follow so I just had to read it a few times over to really understand. This also goes over the laws and definition of human trafficking but also goes deeper into abuse and exploitation in transnational dealing.
Newton, P. J., Mulcahy, T. M., & Martin, S. E., (2008). Finding victims of human trafficking. National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.
This source goes into numbers of victims and potential victims. It also identifies tactics often used by traffickers when claiming victims. This source was also one of the first to address local awareness levels of the numbers and cases of trafficking.
Weitzer, Ronald. "New Directions in Research on Human Trafficking." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 653, no. 1, 2014, pp. 6-24, Sage Journals, journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0002716214521562
This source was definitely a good starting point, he conducts an interview with a victim of trafficking but he does go into how human trafficking numbers are exaggerated in his opinion, it is good to see a different point of view from things we have always learned. I was going to base my paper off of sex trafficking, until reading this. It made me realize that it is not just sex trafficking but human trafficking as a whole, for labor as well.
Zhang, S. (2009). Beyond the “Natasha” story: A review and critique of current research
on sex trafficking. Global Crime 10:178–95. NOTE: ARTICLE NOT AVAILABLE FULL TEXT VIA SVC DATABASES OR ON FREE WEB.
This article was cited by Ron Weitzer, it shows where he got his information on the numbers that may not be accurate. He discusses how few people question these numbers and why he thinks so. “Imagination seems to have filled the gaps of our knowledge”
Zimmerman, Cathy, and Charlotte Watts. The Health Risks and Consequences of Trafficking in Women and Adolescents: Findings from a European Study. London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 2003.
This source was one of the most helpful I encountered for information on all aspects of trafficking. The information starts at the beginning of the issue, the age and vulnerability of victims, and goes through every single step of trafficking. It is extremely well organized and easy to follow.
Laczko, Frank, and Marco A. Gramegna. “Developing Better Indicators of Human Trafficking.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs, vol. 10, no. 1, 2003, pp. 179–194. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24590602.
This source addresses many unanswered questions and speculation about human trafficking cases that really happen. It also addresses the magnitude and ways that should be able to combat trafficking numbers. There is also wide speculation because there is so little data of people being trafficked and this goes deeper into the reasons for this.
Logan, T. K., et al. “Understanding Human Trafficking in the United States.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 3–30. doi:10.1177/1524838008327262.
This is a great source of information because it has a lot of different sources including interviews as well as media coverage on the issue. It was very easy to follow and very well organized. Not only does it discuss the issues of human trafficking and “modern day slavery” at hand but also gives peoples stories, and describes the conditions and situations. This is important when trying to bring awareness to human trafficking because it sort of puts a face on the reality of trafficking. Telling real stories helps people sort of process the fact that this is happening to real people.
Seo-Young Cho, Axel Dreher, Eric Neumayer, Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?, World Development,Vol. 41, 2013. Science Direct, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12001453.
The effect of legalized prostitution on human trafficking rates has always been a big dispute. This paper really dives into the consequences of legalized prostitution. It also shows a very large variety of countries which I think is extremely important when discussing trafficking because it is going on everywhere.