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Student Research Guide: Transgender Surgery-Corrective, Not Cosmetic: Home

By Chrisanthi Ernstrom-Kissas, Fall 2020, LIB 201

Introduction to the Topic

Trigger Warning: Gender Dysphoria

Individuals around the world who identify as a gender opposite of what they were assigned at birth are referred to as transgender. Often transgender people will transition medically by participating in hormone replacement therapy and sometimes the leap of sexual reassignment surgery. While it is disputed that gender confirming surgery is too unethical to be performed, the need for the procedure greatly outweighs the ethical standpoint underlying. Surgeries for transgender individuals alleviate their body dysphoria by relieving pressure from the constant reminder of being born in the wrong body.


Keywords and Phrases

  • Transgender
  • Surgery
  • Cosmetic
  • Corrective
  • Psychology
  • Therapy
  • MTF=Male to Female
  • FTM=Female to Male
  • Gender Confirming Surgery

Best Databases and Search Engines

This list compiles the best databases and search engines that contributed to my topic.

Reference Sources

This list compiles the best reference sources that helped me to start proper research on my topic.

Bockting, Walter O. "Sex reassignment." The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality, edited by Patricia Whelehan, and Anne Bolin, Wiley, 1st edition, 2015. Credo Reference,

This article provided a good overview of the climate change issue and mostly focused on whether government should have a role. This directly addresses my research question. The source was useful for background information and to help generate keywords.

As told in the article, transitioning has evolved beyond a binary point of existing. Not everyone is going to have the same procedures or processes done. It was key to my research and provided a great point that is apart of my research.

"Transgender Rights: Should the Government Take Steps to Protect Transgender Rights?" Issues & Controversies, Infobase, 1 Sept. 2020,

Reading about the legal aspect of transitioning as a reference source, really helped me to develop a stronger basis of information to have as a starting place.

  "Gender dysphoria (GD)." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 18 Nov. 2019. 

Although there are very procedures for both FTM and MTF transgender patients, the MTF surgery is more common and typically yields better results. This was important to note because it directly correlates to the state of mind before and after surgery.

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