Ahlin, Eileen, and Maria Lobo Antunes. “Locus of Control Orientation: Parents. Peers, and Place.” Journal of Youth & Adolescence, vol. 44, no. 9, Sept. 2015, pp. 1803-1818. Ebscohost, doi:10.1007/s10964-015-0253-9.
- Every family/ individual will have some sort of characteristics that are related to collectivism or individualistic. Different cultures have a lot to do with whether or not, these characteristics stick with the individual later in life or if they lose them and develop new ones. The authors have studied at Criminal justice programs, and universities. I chose this topic because it has different information than the other articles I found, it is informative in different ways. It provides a few topics, that relate to my topic, it talks about different races and how they deal with these orientations in a family setting. It is split up into sections, making it easier to read each one.
Akkuş, Birol, et al. “Community Collectivism: A Social Dynamic Approach to Conceptualizing Culture.” PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 9, Sept. 2017, pp. 1–29. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185725.
- Culture has a lot to do with how the individual values family and themselves. Affection, support, and loyalty is important to some cultures, but not to all individualistic families. Religion and certain responsibilities might not matter as much to some individualistic cultures. This article is organized well and provides studies on cultural differences.
Bejanyan, Kathrine, et al. “Associations of Collectivism with Relationship Commitment, Passion, and Mate Preferences: Opposing Roles of Parental Influence and Family Allocentrism.” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 2, Feb. 2015, pp. 1–24. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117374
- In collectivist families, parents tend to lay down the rules, and have the power on what gets done. Collectivist individuals tend to have better relationships not only with family but with new people in their lives. Commitment is stronger, and trust. This author is a relationship therapist. So this article has plenty of information on relationships and how the orientation and culture that they we’re raised in plays out in this.
Brown, Gene. “Difference Between Collectivist and Individualistic Culture.” Difference Between.net. 22 Oct. 2020. Web. www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/difference-between-collectivist-and-individualistic-culture/
- “Collectivist cultures value group cohesion over individual pursuits, and it sees long-term relationships as vital since it promotes group aims. On the other hand, individualistic cultures focus on autonomy. The following discussions further delve into these distinctions.” I liked this quote from the article, it summarizes a little bit of what this article is about. Collectivists consist of group goals which means putting your family/ group first and what is best for them, this orientation exists in china, japan, brazil, Guatemala, along with other places. Individualists is seen with people that enjoy to focus on themselves and their freedom; without having to focus too much on others. Gene Brown is a Psychologist, teacher, and writer. I like that this article provides not only the article, but a few tables with definitions and examples of each.
Carteret, Marcia. “Culturally-Based Differences In Child Rearing Practices.” Dimensions of Cultures. 30 Sept 2013. Article. https://www.dimensionsofculture.com/2013/09/how-individualism-and-collectivism-manifest-in-child-rearing-practices/
- Autonomy and interdependence are other words you can use for individualistic and collectivism. Each culture has different goals; for some it is not relying on others and being emotionally stable- this would be considered in the individualistic culture. These two orientations have a role in sleeping habits, feeding times, toilet training, and many more things. Marica Carteret is a healthcare communication specialist. This article has detailed definitions on each subtitle, and also examples on other topics that have to do with these two orientations.
Gelatt, Julia, Koball, Heather., Peters, H. Elizabeth., Monson, William. “Raising the Future- Parenting Practices among Immigrant Mothers.” Immigrants and Immigration. June 2015. Web. https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/63291/2000299-Raising-the-Future-Parenting-Practices-among-Immigrant-Mothers.pdf
- A big chunk of kids either have immigrant parents or family member, this has a lot to do with how they are raised. Either the characteristics of their culture will be implemented onto them or the characteristics of the culture that they are living in will. The four authors of this article work in the Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population at the Urban- Institute. There is plenty of information on both orientations, along with studies done and tables explaining each one.
Huang, Ching-Yu. “How culture influences children’s development.” The conversation. 19 July 2018. Web. https://theconversation.com/how-culture-influences-childrens-development-99791
- “Every child is unique in interacting with the world around them, and what they invoke and receive from others and the environment also shapes how they think and behave.” This quote is an essential part of this article and what I am looking to write in my research paper. Language is one of the key factors in cultures and in how they develop. This includes how people talk to them and how often. The environment they are in including different behaviors from others shape them into the individuals they will turn out to be. Ching-Yu Huang is a teacher in Psychology, and her article has plenty of facts on cultures and how the environment impacts young children.
Hammond, Zaretta. Culturally Responsive Teaching and The Brain. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. 2014. pp. 1-6.
- It is essential for children to learn at a young age how to think “outside the box” and to have different solutions to one problem. Some cultures can be individualist and have some collectivism factors or none, and vice versa. Zaretta Hamond is an educator and author. This book has some pictures and tables comparing the two orientations.
Krys, Kuba, et al. “Putting the ‘We’ Into Well‐being: Using Collectivism‐Themed Measures of Well‐Being Attenuates Well‐being’s Association With Individualism.” Asian Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 22, no. 3, Sept. 2019, pp. 256–267. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/ajsp.12364.
- Studies we’re done on if individuals that had been raised in individualistic families and how important family really was and if they depended on them. Individualistic individuals tend to only worry about their actions and how it affects themselves. The author is a research associate in the Kyoto University, this article includes a lot of information, and it is not organized as I would like it to be.
Smit, Chris. “What is Individualism?” Culture Matters. 14 May 2012. Web. https://culturematters.com/what-is-individualism/
- Individualistic and collectivism families can have different outcomes when it comes to relationships, communication, and self-image. All lot of the countries that seem to fall into a collectivist category are Guatemala, china, and more. Individualistic countries consist of New Zealand, Canada, United States, and more. The author has Master’s Degree in Psychology. This article is short and to the point, containing helpful details and lists.