Scholarship Reconsiders: Priorities of the Professoriate
Boyer, Ernest. (1990) Foundational article. A study of the definition of scholarship in higher education, with a historical overview and statistical data. Proposes that four general areas of endeavor should be viewed as scholarship: discovery, integration of knowledge, teaching, and service. Discusses the trend toward a singular view of scholarship as research and publication and proposes reconsidering the priorities of the Professoriate, broadening the definition of scholarly work, and changing the reward system to include the other three areas. December 1990. A special report.