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Teaching & Learning: Critical Thinking

What is Critical Thinking?

Critical Thinkiing is desciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minding, and informed by evidence.

Active, persistent and careful consideration of a belief or supposed form of knowledge in light of the grounds that support it, and the further conclusions to which it tends.  John Dewey, 1909

The American Philosophical Association has defined critical thinking as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. The process gives reasoned consideration to evidence, contexts, conceptualizations, methods, and criteria" (1990).

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking SVC

Definition:  Thinking critically about the nature of knowledge within a discipline and about the ways in which that knowledge is constructed and validated and to be sensitive to the ways these processes often vary among disciplines.

Outcomes:  Students will be able to  . . .

2.1    Identify and express concepts, terms, and facts related to a specific discipline.

2.2    Analyze issues and develop questions within a discipline.

2.3    Identify, interpret, and evaluate pertinent data and previous experience to reach conclusions.

2.4    Evaluate decisions by analyzing outcomes and the impact of actions.

2.5    Identify similarities and differences in the ways in which data is collected and analyzed in different disciplines.

2.6    Recognize how the value and biases in different disciplines can affect the ways in which data is analyzed.

2.7    Identify and evaluate connections and relationships among disciplines.

2.8    Describe how one’s own preconceptions, biases and values affect one’s response to new and ambiguous situations.

2.9    Apply and/or create problem-solving strategies to successfully adapt to unpredictable and/or changing environments.